The Complete Guide – What Is A Pre-Employment Urine Screening?

Urine is a waste product from the human body. It is produced by the kidneys. A urine test is often done to identify the cause of disease symptoms. Ordinarily, a urine test checks the different aspects of one’s urine. Urine tests are therefore done to provide information about one’s state of health including emerging problems.

Additionally, the test has been used, for long. Outside the health facilities to regulate the conduct of athletes and ensure that they do not use performance enhancing substances to gain undue advantage over their competitors. In this type of urine test, samples from athletes and other sports people are collected and checked for the presence of specific traces believed to enhance athletic performance.

The usage of performance enhancing substances is against regulations of most sports competitions across the globe. A urine test has therefore acquired what can be referred to as extra- health applications.

How It Works

Presently, there are up to 100 tests that urine can be subjected to. The common analysis of urine involves the following checks

  • The color check: urine color can easily change when certain foreign or irregular elements are present. Medicine, disease, and diet can affect the color of urine. The normal urine color is the clear light golden yellow shade.

Therefore, if urine shows a different color, it prompts investigation as to the cause of the color variation. Moreover, the amount of water present in urine can also tell a story. The lightness or darkness of the urine color shade informs how much water is in it. Other agents such as bacteria, sperm, mucus or even some berries and beets can significantly alter the color of urine.

  • Odor: Urine ordinarily does not have a strong smell. The strong smells of urine is caused by different things. The disease can change the mild nutty smell of urine. E-coli infection is known to cause urine to have a strong, pungent smell. When urine exudes a sweet rather fruity smell, it is likely that the person is affected by diabetes.
  • The PH test: measures the alkalinity and acidity of urine. If urine reads seven it is regarded as neutral. On the other hand, if it reads 4, it shows that it is too acidic. If it reads 9, it is very alkaline. The PH of urine may be affected by treatments. You may be advised to keep your PH alkaline or acidic to manage a condition called kidney stones.
  • Specific Gravity test: it is directed at finding out the quantity of substances present in urine. A person who drinks plenty of fluids is likely to have urine with low Specific Gravity (a lot of water). On the other hand if a person hardly drinks water or fluids, the urine will have a high Specific Gravity.

There are many more (100 in total) tests that can be done on urine. These tests can be chosen depending on the objective of conducting the urine test.

Why Use The Urine Test?

To check for the presence of suspected, or general occurrence of disease

To monitor treatment of certain ailments and conditions such as UTI, Kidney Stones, and diabetes
Used as part of regular physical checks by physicians.

To check for foreign substances; being traces of performance-enhancing substances in sports. A common such substance is steroids in its variant constitutions.

How to Prepare For a Urine Test

You must learn how to prepare for a urine test to secure reliable results:

  • Avoid foods with a potential to color urine such as blackberries, rhubarb and beets before you go for the test.
  • Avoid strenuous exercise before testing
  • If you are menstruating or close to doing so, mention it to your doctor before a urine test is conducted.

If you’re afraid you might fail, then we strongly recommend you read our post about using synthetic urine. It’s the best way to overcome a urine test.

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